Tuscan Farmer's Apple Turnover (Tordellone della Befana)

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A Tuscan take on the apple pie, this big half-moon shaped turnover is bursting with chunks of apples, raisins and tiny pieces of citron.


  • 1 - 34 cup all-purpose flour (unbleached)
  • 7 tablespoons Organic Valley Unsalted Cultured Butter, cold and cut into small pieces
  • pinch salt
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 2 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil
  • 1 lemon, zested
  • 1 egg yolk
  • 14 cup cold water
  • 23 cup raisins, soaked in hot water, drained, and dried
  • 3 apples, peeled, cored, and thinly sliced (Granny Smith, Braeburn, Keepsake, Liberty, or Haralson)
  • 7 tablespoons sugar (or to taste)
  • 12 teaspoon cinnamon
  • 1 pinch black pepper, fresh ground
  • 13 cup candied citron, finely-snipped
  • 1 lemon, zested
  • 1 tablespoon thinly sliced Organic Valley Unsalted Cultured Butter
  • 12 pint Organic Valley Heavy Cream, whipped


Make pastry by combining in a bowl or food processor the flour, salt, sugar, and lemon zest. Cut in butter and olive oil with processor until mixture resembles very coarse meal. Rub ingredients between your fingertips if not using food processor. Add yolk and water, tossing until dough forms moist crumbles. Gather into a ball and let rest at room temperature while buttering a 16-inch pizza pan or a large cookie sheet. On a floured surface, roll out dough to an 18-inch circle and fit it into the pan, trimming away overhang. Chill 30 minutes to overnight.

Preheat oven to 400 degrees. Blend filling ingredients in a
large bowl and let stand at room temperature. After 30 minutes, bring pastry to room temperature. With a slotted spoon transfer filling to cover half the dough (reserve its liquid),leaving a 1-1/2 inch border at its rim. Top apples
with the sliced butter.

Moisten pastry edges with water. This dough is fragile -- guide it carefully with both hands to cover the filling, forming a half moon. If it tears, simply press torn edges together. Seal edges and crimp.

Brush crust with reserved filling liquid and cut 3 slashes into top. Bake 50 minutes to 1 hour, or until the tart is a rich brown color and crisp. Apples should be soft when pierced with a knife through one of the vent holes.

After resting 10 minutes, use 2 spatulas to gently slide the tart from the pan onto a large oval platter (or serve from the baking pan). Cool and cut across the tart's width into slices. Serve topped with a spoonful of whipped cream.


Cook to Cook: Like most pastry doughs, this one benefits from a chill

(at least 30 minutes) after it's rolled out. Bring the dough

to room temperature before filling the tart, or it could break when you

lift it over the apple filling to make the crescent shaped tart.

Organic ingredients make all the difference here. Cultured European-style butter makes this crust sing. Pastry can be made ahead and frozen, and the finished turnover reheats well.

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